High quality wooden pallets at a reasonable price for our clients
this is our motto for this product category.
Pallets production is our main business, in addition to secondary activities such as timber production and firewood production.
Our company has been making pallets since it was founded, in 2005. Our portfolio lists over 30 clients for whom we manufacture over 50 different types of pallets. The main types of pallets (both standard and custom) can be found in the menu on this page.
Our oldest client, a car tyre factory, has been in our portfolio since 2005. We have delivered over 163,000 pallets to this client.
The largest client in the portfolio, a sheet metal factory, has been in our portfolio since 2010. This client has received over 800,000 pallets from our factory. These statistics, for only two of our clients, prove how serious we are as a company, as a supplier and as a business partner in the relationship with our collaborators.
Please find below more details on:
- Pallet prices
- Pallet size
- Pallet structure
- Pallet drying and heat treatment
- Pallet selling and delivery
To get the price of a pallet, you can use the price calculator on this site or ask for a custom quote. To get the most correct and objective price, we recommend the second method. In addition to the overall dimensions (standard) of a pallet, as well as the dimensions of the components that compose it (based on which you can get a price using the price calculator), an arm’s length price also takes into consideration the desired quality, the method and field of use, the type of goods, the way of packaging and handling and many other details that can influence a positive or negative price. To get a custom quote, go to the desired product - the tab Ask for a quote in the Pallets category on this site or go to the form on our contact page. Whatever method you choose, our team will first make sure they understand exactly what you want in terms of type, structure and quality, but also other aspects that could influence the final price. At the end, you won't pay more than needed for the pallet(s) you need.
Mainly, pallet price quotes take into account the following:
■ Quality A: all pallet components must be perfectly angular, no chamfered components, no knots or cracks larger than 15% of the component width, no bark, rot or other impurities.
■ Quality B: chamfered components are accepted, but not the blocks (feet) and not more than 25% of the component width, knots up to 25% of the component width are accepted, bark is accepted, no rot or other impurities are accepted.
■ Quality C: chamfered components are also accepted for blocks, but not more than 30% of the component width, knots up to 50% of the component width are accepted, bark is accepted, rot or other impurities are accepted here and there as long as the pallet stability is not affected.
■ No discount for up to 2,000 pcs.
■ 2% discount between 2,000 and 5,000 pcs.
■ 4% discount between 5,000 and 10,000 pcs.
■ For over 10,000 pcs. ordered, the discount starts from 5% and can reach up to 10% if very large quantities are ordered.
Terms of payment:
■ 2% discount for payment upfront and/or at unloading.
■ 1% discount for payment at 15 days.
■ No discount for payments at 30 days or more.
We generally offer a 1% discount for each year the client remains in our portfolio, but no more than a 10% total discount for the client seniority.
Wood type and log quality:
■ Price pallets are not influenced by the type of wood (softwood/hardwood). For example, poplar and beech pallets are sold at the same prices.
■ We do offer a better price when the client does not require to make the pallets only from a certain type of wood. Clients that do not opt for a certain type of wood only usually get a better price.
■ There are also cases when a client can ask for the pallet to be very attractive (they usually use these pallets to display merchandise in stores, exhibitions, show rooms etc.). For this, we use more expensive materials (maple, for example, or technical veneer beech) and the pallet price is higher by up to 25% in such cases.
Pallet dimensions are divided into two broad categories:
■ Standard size or general dimensions;
■ Custom size or custom dimensions.
Standard sized pallets are about 75% of the European pallet market and over 50% globally. Our company manufactures both standard and custom pallets. Our production line is designed to be easily modified when production dimensions change and to be easily adaptable to any kind of pallet both in terms of overall dimensions and the dimensions of the pallet components. We can make pallets starting from a minimum size of 40 cm and up to a maximum size of 8 m.
Standard size PALLETS
Pallets are standardised at specific dimensions depending on the region of the globe, but also depending on the industry in which they are used. There is also an ISO standard for pallets. You can find all the information about pallet standardisation at global level in the links provided above.
In Romani the European standard sizes are used.
The most common standard pallet sizes at European level:
■ 1200x1000 and
Standard pallets have certain advantages in production, during transport, storage, when purchasing.
- In production, most automated production lines are designed to take pallets of standard dimensions on the belt and pack the goods automatically on these pallets.
- For transport, due to the fact that trailers are 2.4-2.45 m wide and thus exactly two pallets of goods can fit if placed on the 1200 mm side or three pallets with goods if placed on the 800 mm side. Thus, space in the trailer is used optimally and therefore the cost of transport is completely used.
- For storage, since most shelves and special storage spaces are made to support standard size pallets.
- When purchasing, because standard pallets are usually in stock and can therefore be delivered more quickly. They have a better price because there are many more companies that make them and, therefore, competition is greater. Last but not least, there is a second-hand pallet market (there are many companies specialised in collecting, checking, repairing and the resale of SH pallets) and these second-hand pallets usually come at half the price.
Custom size PALLETS
Usually our clients use custom pallets when:
■ They have a production line whose belt has customised dimensions (depending on an atypical product for example) and, therefore, requires custom size pallets;
■ They manufacture goods that have different dimensions than those of standard size pallets and want the pallet to be exactly the size of the goods. For example: a customer in our portfolio makes 700x1900 mm metal boxes and uses pallet sizes adapted to its cargo - 750x50 mm. - the pallet is 5 cm larger than the goods so that the goods would not rub and get damaged during transport or storage;
■ They transport their goods using other means of transport than large lorries. For example: Some companies transport their goods on light lorries (which usually are 2-2.1 m wide and 4-4.5 m long) and prefer 1000x1000 or 1000x1100 mm pallets. Other companies transport their goods in maritime containers that are 2.35 m wide and then they need narrower or shorter pallets than the standard sizes; usually, when they put two rows of pallets in a container, they ask for 1140-1150 mm pallets; when they put three rows of pallets in a container, they ask for 770-780 mm pallets.
■ They have secondary uses of pallets, other than logistics, where requirements are completely different. For example, if pallets are used to create a floor in an animal shelter, the top deck boards will have no space between them. The same for a concert stage made of pallets and, in many cases, for pallet furniture. This solid deck will turn them into custom pallets because standard pallets have gaps between boards (called board spacing).
Our production capacity for wooden pallets is of 50 lorries per month. Depending on pallet size, this can mean for example: 25,000 pieces of 1200/800 mm pallets or 15,500 pieces of 1200/1000 mm pallets .
Their structure, however, differs in certain areas of the globe, in different industries or in different standards in the field. But their use is largely the same: transport and storage of goods. We say "largely the same" because in recent years pallets have started to be used for making pallet furniture, but also in other different areas such as building pallet stages for outdoor concerts, building pallet floors for animals in shelters and many other areas where pallets are used, admittedly, much less than the main areas listed above.
In general, a pallet configuration may differ in terms of: pallet supports, the width and thickness of the components and the way the components are arranged on the pallet.
can be of two types:
■ Blocks (feet)
■ Stringers (beams)
Block pallets, also known as European pallets are the most used pallets both in Europe and worldwide. They are not as weight resistant as stringer pallets. The great advantage is they can be handled on all four sides and, therefore, there are no restrictions in production, transport or storage.
Most block pallets have 9 blocks on 3 rows, but there are pallets that can have 6 blocks on two rows, such as, for example, 400x400, 400x600, 600x600 and 800x600 mm pallets or they can have 12 blocks on 4 rows, such as, for example, long custom pallets - 800x2000, 1000x2000 pallets and so on. It is usually recommended that the block rows (of 3) should not be spaced at more than 70 cm from one other.
Stringer pallets are much more weight resistant and much easier to manufacture (therefore, cheaper). The disadvantage is they only have two openings (for pallet truck or forklift). Some stringer pallets, such as the American pallets, have the stringers cut so that the pallet still has four entries.
This type of stringer pallets are used in our country mainly in the construction industry, precisely due to their increased resistance to weight, but also the much lower manufacturing costs. These make them perfect for the construction industry.
Our company can manufacture both block pallets and stringer pallets (including cut-out), but our customers order mostly block pallets.
Width, thickness and no. of pallet components
A pallet can be a stringer pallet or a block pallet, of sizes adapted to the type and weight of the client’s merchandise. Pallet components can have a width of 70 mm up to 145 mm and a board thickness of 13 mm up to 22 mm. Most clients order pallets with boards that are 13 mm up to 22 mm thick. Some clients ask for special pallets that must withstand very heavy loads and then board thickness can range from 30 mm to 50 mm. Pallets can be made to withstand loads starting from a few tens of kg up to 2000-3000 kg during transport or 4000-5000 kg during storage.
In the image to the side you can see a pallet configured to withstand very heavy loads (metal sheet transport) with the following structure: feet width and height: 75x110 mm, component width and thickness on the top deck of 80x50 mm. They withstand up to 5 tons. They withstand up to 5 tons.
Generally, the top deck can have between 5, 7 or 9 boards, depending on board width and the board spacing. Board spacing can be up to a maximum limit allowed in different situations or depending on varied merchandise that has specific requirements. In general, the wider the pallet, the more boards. For example: usually 800/1200 mm pallets have 5 boards on top, 1000x1200 mm pallets have 7 boards on top, 1200/1200 mm pallets have 9 boards on top and so on.
In different specific conditions, a pallet can be configured with a larger board thickness on the middle or bottom deck. For example, if the pallet is attached using chains (prongs) by the base boards (bottom deck), they can be forced and they break. Thus, even if the middle or bottom deck is made of boards 15 mm thick, the board on the bottom deck will be 22 mm thick to withstand the client's production process. The same pallet configuration (with wider and/or thicker deck boards) is used when the pallets are stored on two-bar shelves and the pallets tend to bend in the middle under the weight.
Another scenario is when the goods on the pallet are tied with straps and the pallet risks making a "belly" in the middle when the strap is tight. In such cases, a solution is to increase the board thickness on the inner deck (on standard 800/1200 mm pallets, for example, the thickness of the three 800 mm boards that make up the pallet is increased).
Pallet component arrangement:
In terms of component arrangement, pallets can also have the following structures:
■ EURO pallet structure, where the top and bottom boards are as long as the pallet. The inner (middle) deck boards are as the pallet width. For example: on a 1000x1200 mm pallet, the boards on the top and bottom deck will be of 1200 mm, and those on the inner deck will be of 1000 mm;
■ Reverse EURO pallet structure, where the boards on the top deck are sized to the pallet width and the boards on the inner and bottom deck are sized to the pallet width. Let’s take again as example a 1000x1200 pallet, where this time the boards on the top deck will be of 1000 mm, while the boards on the inner and bottom deck will be of 1200 mm.
Pallet materials: We make pallets out of hardwood, deciduous wood, mainly beech, but also oak, durmast, hornbeam, maple. In various situations, pallets can be made from soft material such as: fir, pine, spruce, douglas, poplar or linden.
Dry and/or heat-treated PALLETS
Dry pallets: they are mainly required in the pharmaceutical and food industries, but not only. After they are made, they are placed in a high capacity industrial dryer and they are dried until they reach the moisture content required by the customer. Usually, green wood pallets have a moisture of 50-60% and, after drying, we can bring them (depending on client requirements) down to 10-12% moisture. But most clients ask for pallets to be dried to 22% moisture, which is also the accepted industry standard for "dry pallets".
Heat-treated pallets: our company performs heat treatment in an industrial dryer at over 56 °C for over 30 minutes according to the IPPC - ISPM15 international standard. Our company is authorised by the Ministry of Agriculture, Forests and Rural Development through the Caras-Severin Phytosanitary Unit, having code RO-CS-026-HT-DB. The pallets are treated after assembly. Depending on the thickness and width of the pallet boards, the heat treatment time is at least half an hour and can reach up to 90 minutes. Even if the standard requires heat treatment at 56 °C minimum, the average temperature we use to treat pallets in the dryer is 63 °C. On request, we can provide clients with a “Heat Treatment Certificate” in Romanian or English that certifies that a certain batch (let’s say pallets on a certain invoice or delivery note) was heat treated and complies with the ISPM15 regulations. The client may be asked for such documents when the pallets, loaded with merchandise, pass through customs (only some countries require these “Heat Treatment Certificates”).
PALLET selling and delivery
Pallet selling: we generally sell pallets only to companies/factories in large quantities (at least one 6 ml lorry) for the transport of goods; but, in certain cases, we can sell in smaller quantities for pallet furniture or for resale to both individuals and legal entities. The disadvantage of a client who buys smaller quantities is the higher transport cost per piece.
Pallet and EURO pallet delivery: cities where delivery costs are optimised (lower) are: London, Manchester, Birmingham, Leeds-Bradford and Glasgow, but also other cities in the west of the country, as well as Southampton-Portsmouth, Liverpool, Newcastle and the surrounding towns. More details about shipping costs can be found on the shipping page.